Earth Science and Hydrometeorology
The structure of the department.
Currently the staff of the department consists of 15 employers: professor D.L. Ivanov, associate professors S.I. Kuzmin, P.A. Kovrigo, Yu.A. Gledko, E.V. Matyushevskaya, E.V. Loginova, A.N. Krasovsky, A.A. Novik; senior lecturers O.V. Davydenko, M.V. Kuharchik, N.M. Yudenkova, leading laboratory assistants L.M. Kirilchik, I.A. Chernysheva. Researchers of the Belarusian Research Center for Monitoring the Ozonosphere of the BSU are also involved in the educational process. This includes associate professor A.G. Svetyshev, head of the Center L.N. Turyshev, as well as other leading specialists of Belarusian Hydrometeocentre and the Institute for Nature Management of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus.
The head of the department is professor, Ph.D. P.S. Lopuch
History of the department
The Department of General Geography and Hydrometeorology was established in September 1973. The initiator of the department’s creation (and the first head) was the Ph.D., professor, founder of the Belarusian Limnologic School, the Honored Scientist of Belarus, laureate of the BSSR State Award O.F. Yakushko.
From 1984 to 1995, the department is led by Ph.D., Professor V.M. Shirokov, the leading scientist in the field of research of artificial water bodies and the problems of their interaction with the surrounding environment.
From 1995 to 2002, the department is led by the director of IPPRE, Ph.D., professor, Academician of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus, laureate of the State Award of the Republic of Belarus V.F. Loginov.
Since September 2002, Professor P.S. Lopuch leads the department; nowadays the staff of the department consists of 15 employers.
Since 1973, the Museum of Geography has been functioning within the department.
Since 2006, the direction "Hydrometeorology" within the specialty "Geography" is open. In 2013, the specialty “Hydrometeorology” was open. From 2018, the overall duration of study is 4 years. The final qualification of the student is “Geographer. Hydrometeorologist”.
Specialists are trained in the following areas: meteorology and climatology, synoptic meteorology, agrometeorology, hydrology and water resources.
At the first and second years (courses), students study general geographic disciplines, at further years – mostly special courses, taking into account the profile training.
Preparation for the Master of Science’s Degree (one year after 5 years, 2 years after 4 years of training) is conducted according to a separate plan with the writing and defense of a master's thesis.
The academic courses taught at the department include: general geography, meteorology and climatology, hydrology, geomorphology, geophysics, hydrometeorological data management, wetland hydrology, reservoir hydrology, hydrogeology, general atmospheric circulation theory, aviation meteorology, general limnology, hydrometry and water balance, river flow and channel processes, hydrological calculations, hydrological forecast, methods for processing and analyzing hydrometeorological information, modeling hydrological and atmospheric processes, ensuring hydrometeorological information users, hydroecology, management and restoration of aquatic ecosystems, agrometeorology, monitoring of atmospheric air and hydrosphere, synoptic meteorology, weather forecasting methods, agrometeorological and phenological observations, applied climatology, etc.
Training and production practices
At the first and second courses, the department organizes the following field training practices: meteorological, hydrological, geomorphological, agrometeorological, limnologic. At the 3rd and 4th courses, future specialists undergo production and pre-diploma practices at the departments of the Republican Center for Hydrometeorology, Control of Radioactive Pollution and Environmental Monitoring, Central Research Institute for Integrated Use of Water Resources, Institute for Environmental Management of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus.
Educational base for conducting educational practices include educational hydrological posts (one self-recording and three pile), meteorological sites educational mobile weather station at the educational and scientific field station "Western Berezina" in Minsk region, automatic meteorological station "Vaisala" at the educational campus of the Belarusian State University.
Work experience is carried out taking into account the individual training of a specialist (profile) for 6 weeks at the 3rd and 4th courses, and pre-diploma training - at the 5th course. The main bases for internships are the Republican Center for Hydrometeorology, Control of Radioactive Pollution and Environmental Monitoring and its regional divisions, Scientific Research Institute for Monitoring the Ozonosphere of the Belarusian State University, Central Research Institute for Integrated Use of Water Resources, Institute for Environmental Management of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus, Belorussian Research Center Ecology of Ministry of Natural Resources, Braslav Lakes National Park, National Research University of Lake Science, BSU, design and production organizations.
Under the State Institution "Republican Center for Hydrometeorology, Radioactive Pollution Control and Environmental Monitoring”, there is a branch of the Department of General Geography and Hydrometeorology.
Graduates of the department in the specialty "Hydrometeorology" work at the positions of hydrologist, meteorological engineer, agrometeorological engineer, weather forecaster (1 and 2 categories) in the system of institutions of the Hydrometeorology Department of the Ministry of Environment of the Republic of Belarus, industrial and design organizations, as well as research engineer, junior researcher, in scientific institutions in accordance with the job descriptions and qualification characteristics of a specialist.
The Department of General Geography and Hydrometeorology maintains contacts with many scientific centers in the near and far abroad: Moscow State University. St. Petersburg Hydrometeorological University, Smolensk State University (Russia), Warsaw, Schleinsky (Sosnowiec), Poznan and Lublin Universities (Poland), Water Academy in Slupsk, Berlin University (Germany), Institute of Lake Science RAS , Yakutsk State University, Lutsk State University (Ukraine), Vilnius State University (Lithuania). In accordance with agreements on scientific cooperation between universities, over the past five years, joint research projects have been collectively performed with Vilnius (Department of Hydrology and Meteorology) and Lublin (Department of Hydrography) universities.
The branches of the department are the Republican Center for Hydrometeorology, Control of Radioactive Pollution and Environmental Monitoring.
Joint Activity Agreements
- The Department of Hydrometeorology of the Ministry of Environment of the Republic of Belarus, the State Institution “Republican Center for Hydrometeorology, Control of Radioactive Pollution and Environmental Monitoring”
- CENTRAL RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF COMPLEX USE OF WATER RESOURCES
The main research directions of the department:
- The study of the hydrological regime of water bodies and watercourses, groundwater and rational use of water resources;
- The study of climate change and climatic resources, the problems of the ozonosphere;
- Problems of adaptation of industrial and agricultural production to climate change.
Research work of students
The research work of students is connected with the scientific theme of the department and the laboratory of lake science, the laboratory of ecology of landscapes, where students acquire the skills of field and laboratory research, master the methodology of their implementation, and engage in computer processing of the results. Students' research is conducted in two main areas - in the field of hydrology (hydrography of rivers, lakes, reservoirs, quarry reservoirs, old lakes, etc.) and in the field of meteorology (the study of climate elements, their spatial dynamics, microclimate features of meliorated objects, large industrial centers, etc.).
The research results are discussed at scientific readings, conferences, submitted to student work contests.
Training of highly qualified specialists
The Department of General Geography and Hydrometeorology prepared five Ph.D.: O.F. Yakushko, P.S. Lopuch, I.I. Kirvel, B.P. Vlasov and D.L. Ivanov.
The department of general geography and hydrometeorology was one of the first at the faculty to begin training specialists in the Master of Science program. Every year, 2-3 postgraduate students, undergraduates study at the department.
Graduates of the department
A significant part of the graduates of the department successfully works in the education system and occupies the positions of methodologists of the Department of Education, teachers, and principals of secondary schools. The honored teachers of the Republic of Belarus S.N. Honenko., E.A. Dmitriev are among them.
The department and its scientific divisions are a good base for obtaining research skills. Among the graduates of the department are well-known scientists, Ph.D., professors of several foreign universities: G.К. Hursevich; Ph.D., Professor Y.K. Elovicheva; Ph.D. A.G. Karabanov; Ph.D., head. Department of General Geography and Hydrometeorology P.S. Lopuch, Ph.D.., Associate Professor, Department of International Tourism S.A. Khomich; Ph.D. A.A. Khomich; associate professors: L.V. Guryanova, M.A. Komarovsky, O.V. Lukashev; Ph.D., Professor of Slupsk University I.I. Kirvel; associate professors of the Faculty of Geography, Gomel University F. Skorina I.I. Bogdel, A.I. Pavlovsky; researchers, candidates of sciences of the Institute of Geological Sciences S.F. Savchik., N.A. Shishonok., V.A. Zernitskaya, I.S. Brakovich, B.V. Kurzo, I.E. Pavlovskaya and others
Among the graduates of the department is Major General, Deputy Chairman of the KGB of the Union State of Russia and Belarus I.Z. Yurkin, the first ambassador of the Republic of Belarus to Israel, deputy of the Supreme Council of the Republic of Belarus M.A. Farfel, Deputy Head of the Republican Hydrometeorological Center for Foreign Relations of the Ministry of Nature and Environment Protection A.N. Rachevsky.
The most important of the completed works:
1) “Changes of water resources and the transformation of the hydrographic network under the influence of land reclamation in the Belarusian and Polish Polesye”.
2) "The study of natural conditions and the allocation of water protection zones and coastal strips of water bodies of Starodorozhsky district of the Minsk region".
3) “The current state of the natural resources of the Neman and Zap. Dvina.
4) “Conducting an integrated study of the natural resources of water bodies of the r. Dnieper and their rational use (within Belarus) ".
5) “Development of geo-ecological bases for the creation, improvement of efficiency, use and protection of lake reservoirs in Belarus”.
6) "A comprehensive study of the interaction of ponds and reservoirs with the environment at supporting sites and the development of methods for assessing changes in natural conditions in the regulation of river flow."
7) “Publication of the directory “Lakes of Belarus ”.
8) "Development of textbooks and teaching aids for universities and educational institutions of the Ministry of Education."
9) “Changes in the moisture content of the territory of Belarus under the influence of natural and anthropogenic factors”.
10) “Short-period cycles in the natural and anthropogenic dynamics of forest plantations in Belarus”.
The most important publications:
Ivanov D.L., Novik A.A., Gledko Yu.A. Workshop on geomorphology. Minsk, 2018.
Kauryga P.A. Meteorology and climatology in 2 parts. Minsk. 2015
Kauryga P.A. Metods of distance investigations in hydrometeorology. Minsk, 2014.
Kauryga P.A. Arrometeorology. Minsk, 2014.
Kauryga P.A. Meteorology and climatology. Practicum Minsk, 2011.
Kauryga P.A. Meteorology and climatology. Belarusian-Russian-English explanatory guide. Minsk, 2011.
Gledko Yu.A. Hydrogeology. Minsk, 2012
Gledko Yu.A. General geography. Minsk, Higher School, 2015.
Gledko Yu.A. Providing consumers with hydrometeorological information [Electronic resource]: manual / Yu.A. Gloko. - Minsk: BSU, 2017.- 1 electronic optical disk.
Gledko Yu.A., Lopuch P.S. General geography. Training and metodology complex. Novopolotsk, PGU, 2011.
Loginova E.V., Lopuch P.S. Hydroecology. Minsk, BSU, 2011 (electronic edition).
Lopuch P.S. Hydrology of reservoirs. Minsk, BSU, 2013.
Lopuch PS, Makarevich A.A. Practicum in hydrology. Minsk, 2004.
Lopuch PS, Yakushko O.F. General Limnology. Minsk, BSU, 2011.
Lopuch P.S. Hydrography of Belarus. Minsk, 2004.
Partasenok I.S. Water and heat balance calculations: studies. Method. allowance. Minsk, BSU, 2015.
Shirokov V.M. Constructive geography of rivers: the basics of transformation and environmental management. Minsk, 1985.
Yakushko O.F. Limnology. Geography of the lakes of Belarus. Minsk, 1981.
Yakushko O.F., Emelyanov Yu.N., Ivanov D.L. Geomorphology: a textbook for university students in the specialties of "Geography", "Geoecology". Minsk, 2011.
Ivanov D.L. Late glacial microteriofauna - Holocene of Belarus. Minsk, 2008.
“The National Environmental Monitoring System of the Republic of Belarus: Observation Results, 2012 // Edited by S.I. Kuzmin [Electronic resource]. Minsk, 2013.
Lopuch P.S. Patterns of development of natural reservoirs of slow water exchange, their use and protection. Minsk, BSU, 2000.
Applied limnology. Collection of scientific articles. Issue 1 - 3 (1992, 2000, 2002).
Problems of hydrometeorological support of economic activities in a changing climate: materials of the Intern. scientific conf. Minsk, 2015.
Loginov V.F. The climate of Belarus. Minsk, 1996.
Lopuch PS, Partasenok I.S. Influence of atmospheric circulation on the hydrological regime of the rivers of Belarus. Minsk, 2013.
Shirokov V.M., Lopuch P.S., G.M. Bazylenko et al. Belarus Reservoirs: natural features and interaction with the environment. Minsk, University, 1991.
Shirokov V.M., Lopuch P.S. Formation of small hydroelectric reservoirs. Moscow, 1986.
Yakushko O.F. Belarusian Lakeland. The history of development and the current state of the lakes of northern Belarus. Minsk, 1971.